Convert currency. Add to Basket. Condition: New. Never used!. Seller Inventory P More information about this seller Contact this seller. Book Description Brill, Netherlands, Language: English. Brand new Book. In this volume East Asian contributors focus on the Asian side of the war to flesh out the assertion that the Russo-Japanese War was, in fact, World War Zero, the first global confl ict of the 20th century. Seller Inventory TNP Seller Inventory NEW Book Description Brill Academic Pub, Condition: Brand New.
By: Wada Haruki. Pages: 11— By: Bruce W. Pages: 45— By: Aizawa Kiyoshi. Pages: 81— By: Yokote Shinji. Pages: — By: David Jones.
By: Tohmatsu Haruo. By: Kato Yoko. By: Steven J. By: Ono Keishi. By: Takemoto Tomoyuki. By: Tadokoro Masayuki. By: Tsuchiya Yoshifuru. By: Chiba Isao. By: Hashimoto Yorimitsu. He debated whether a Russian or a Japanese victory would be more favorable for his country concerning the recognition of Chinese sovereignty over Manchuria. Minister Hu Weide therefore recommended strict neutrality instead of a benevolent attitude favoring Japan.
After the outbreak of war on February 12, , China declared her neutrality over her entire territory. China belatedly realized the danger arising from the Japanese victory in On a trip through the Suez Canal, Sun Yat-sen, acting as a Chinese nationalist, established bonds of solidarity with ordinary Egyptians, proudly accepting their congratulations on the Japanese triumph Aydin, Global pp. Eventually China had insisted, though in vain, on participation at the peace conference, a request that is fully dealt with by S.
Both warring parties—as well as President Theodore Roosevelt, who feared complications if a nation could bring its wishes to bear without belonging to the recognized great powers—declined the Chinese request to participate. Not even Chinese observers were admitted. This provoked a massive boycott of American goods in China. Yet the Chinese government had no choice but to accept the terms of the Treaty of Portsmouth.
The United States, too, felt deceived by Japan. Instead, Japan moved to exclude other countries from economic activities there just as Russia had done earlier. Petersburg divided Manchuria into spheres of interest that left no space for the United States. One could, however, object to this kind of determinism, premised on the view that over several decades all options had remained open.
No earlier than World War I, which forced other nations to limit their engagement in East Asia while China disintegrated, did Japan become a great power or even a world power p. According to the author the shock of the victory over white, Christian Russia was deep and led to anti-Japanese demonstrations and culminated in immigration restrictions.
London was disappointed that the authorities tried to keep him from the front in every possible way; he was apprehended several times on suspicion of espionage. In he published a book titled The Unparalleled Invasion , about a fictional war of the West against China and her masses, awakened by the Russo-Japanese War and modernized under Japanese guidance, to be fought in using biological and chemical weapons. Daniel A. Metraux notes how London saw that Asia was in the process of waking up and that such countries as Japan and China would emerge as major economic powers with the capacity to compete effectively with the West as the twentieth century progressed.
London even urged Westerners to make concerted efforts to meet with Japanese and Chinese so as to understand each other as equals. Furthermore, one of the Liberty Ships was named for him. Even the small minority of Japanophiles, mostly American missionaries who stressed the alleged higher level of Japanese civilization compared with that of the Russians, could not overcome the rising fear based on racism. Henning introduces a couple of strange race theories, both those favoring the Japanese as well as those criticizing them. Despite the fact that President Theodore Roosevelt criticized the racist immigration laws in Hawaii and California—which Washington was helpless to override, since these were regional decisions—there are indications that he had an equal dislike of both Russia and Japan and would have preferred that both countries slaughter one another, thus exhausting themselves in the war.
In the preceding years the United States had acquired or conquered several territories in Asia, notably Hawaii, Midway, Guam and the Philippines. In the long run, therefore, Great Britain would have to choose between Japan and the US as her most important partner; during World War I the decision fell more or less automatically in favor of Washington.
This rivalry is dealt with by J. A corruption scandal involving navy officers who had received bribes from the German Siemens company toppled the cabinet the following year. The army thereby gained the upper hand, but could not alone dictate policy and struggled with the navy for superiority, both trying to use the political parties for their own purposes. One of these few was the autodidact Homer Lea, who published his view as early as As his foreword explains, he wrote the manuscript immediately after the peace treaty of Portsmouth but published it only four years later, so as to see if his hypothesis would be borne out.
Lea warned against neglecting American armament in the face of the growing military might of Japan, which would be enabled to open hostilities by conquering the Philippines, Hawaii, Alaska and the West coast of the United States, from Washington State to California. As confirmed in December , he even correctly predicted the landing sites for the Japanese invasion of the Philippines.
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- The Thermal and Photochemical Decomposition of Azo Compounds and the Problem of Reaction Rates.
- World War Zero, Volume I.
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Though his book was widely read in the US, he was treated condescendingly as a writer of science fiction. After Pearl Harbor, he suddenly gained the reputation of a far-sighted prophet, and his work was immediately reprinted. In contrast to the United States where very few military officers took him seriously, in Japan, the translation of his book became a bestseller and compulsory reading for naval officers. A short time later, Lee also criticized the short sightedness of Great Britain, whose alliance he viewed as a grave mistake: the drive of Russian expansion would be turned from the Far East to Central Asia and India.
Furthermore, in his opinion Japan had become stronger than the British Empire by the victory of , had won a sphere of influence including all British territories in the area, and the situation was growing worse through American indifference. While Lea was not the only one to foresee the Japanese attack. While Homer Lea is mentioned, if only in passing P. The reason for ignoring the impending danger may be that at the time Japanese policy followed a moderate course. In the first cabinet of Prince Saionji Kinmochi, Hayashi Tadasu served as foreign minister for most of the critical years His policy is dealt with by Y.
Hayashi is characterized as an exception among the Japanese policy makers of his time in that he advocated reasonable and rational ideas, including the fair treatment of China. As a former minister and later ambassador to London, he struggled to continue a policy of close cooperation with Great Britain and the US, despite potential tensions. An additional reason for deteriorating relations with the Unites States was the fact that the Japanese victory over Russia made a deep impression on the people of the US-ruled Philippines, awakening hopes of independence Hirama pp.
Beyond the Philippines there emerged worldwide attention to the Russo-Japanese War, which challenged the claim of the white race to dominate other peoples. Asian intellectuals felt particularly encouraged by the Japanese victory, seeing it as a stimulus for pan-Asianist, pan-Islamic, anti-colonial and anti-imperialistic ideas. The Russo-Japanese War, though itself an imperialist conflict par excellence, ignited the fight against imperialism in the colonies and half-colonized countries, such as China and Korea so also A.
Iriye in Wolff pp.
The Russo-Japanese War in Cultural Perspective, –05 | SpringerLink
The mood of awakening among colonized peoples is the focus of Y. Not only had the peoples of Asia been inspired to independence movements, but so had Turks, Arabs and Africans as well as Finns and Poles. Hirama obviously expects gratitude to Japan from other nations, but he ignores the fact that the victory of was a blow for the independence of China and even more so for Korea, which had the treaty of protection imposed on her in the same year. Dharampal-Frick in Sprotte ; T. Marks in Steinberg ; Y. Hashimoto in Wolff pp.
Evidence of leaders of the movement like Mahatma Gandhi who does not appear as very pacifist-minded and Pandit Nehru, who now viewed Japan as a model and the other Asians as co-victors, speaks for itself. The British now feared that Russia could direct her drive for expansion in the direction of Afghanistan and India.
The Russo-Japanese War in Cultural Perspective, 1904–05
By the treaty revision, London gained the additional advantage of being able to withdraw a great part of its navy from Indian waters back to Europe, to be deployed against the steadily expanding German fleet. Dharampal-Frick in Sprotte p. Many students, hoping that independence was imminent, went to study in Japan. Thus, the victory of their ally became a double-edged sword for India; it would still take two world wars to reach independence.