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Second Congo War (1998–2003)

And many will seek jobs in the United States. Racial and ethnic definitions are relatively fluid and depend in part on how people perceive themselves, and how they are perceived by the society in which they live. More unions between Americans and different racial and ethnic groups are resulting in more children of mixed racial heritage, for example, and it is impossible to predict how these children will choose to indentify themselves once they are grown.

If race and ethnic definitions remain the same, and so do immigration, fertility, and moral patterns, minority groups will continue to grow faster than the nonminority population. According to current projections, non-Hispanic whites will make up barley one-half of the population by and will lose their majority status by For individual Americans, the most important population trend of the 20th century may well have been the stunning increase in their life expectance. Combined with relatively low fertility rates over most of the century, the result is a new age profile for the population.

Now Americans spend less than half their adult life rearing children, compared with most of adult life for couples at the beginning of the 20th century. It also allows for new, companionable relationships between adult children and still-active parents, before caregiving is called for at the other end of the life span.

In some ways, family patters at the end of the century are like those that prevailed at its beginning.

Young people then were more likely to wait for marriage until they were fully launched into adult life, and significant numbers gave evidence of never marrying at all. An important new trend in the closing decades of the century was the replacement of early marriage by cohabitation. Cohabitation also has become common for Americans between marriages.

20th-Century World Architecture | Architecture | Phaidon Store

And, marriages now are more likely to end in divorce than from death. Nevertheless, the rising divorce rate that was a concern in seemed to have stabilized by the s. The prevalence of single-parent families is about the same at the end of the 20th century as it was at the beginning, but the reasons are very different.

To our opinion such an interpretation falls short and does not cover the huge structural transformation of capitalist production that started much earlier. We suggest that the global differentiation and in some cases the disintegration of production processes cannot entirely be explained as an effect of new transport facilities and should also not entirely be attributed to shifts in the regulatory framework of the world economy.

Instead, we propose to treat this as an organisational transformation in its own right. We want to make use of value-chain and production network approaches that have been successfully applied in a variety of the social sciences, but only to minor extend in economic history so far.

Production in the 20th century was increasingly organized in hierarchical networks, cut into ever smaller steps that facilitated value extraction at nodal points of dynamic global value chains. Value-chain-management became a fashion in Management Science by the end of the 20th century, preparing business students for optimizing not only the technical foundation of a global production process but even more so teaching them to navigate the volatile mixture of state regulations, financial opportunities and competing nations offering incentives for production relocation.

8 Inventions of 20th Century that Changed the World

The session will assemble a range of case-study based contributions discussing the following questions: Can we discover patterns and time-periods of value-chain transformation over the course of the 20th century? And, if so, how does such differentiation articulate in regard to individual countries, regions and products? What were the main drivers of differentiation, globally and regionally — technology including standardisation , trade-regulation, or ideologies?

And, last but not least, who profited from the global differentiation of production and where was the added value accumulated over time? The introduction will give an overview over recent debates on capitalism, transformation of production and globalization.

Reflections on Global History in the 20th Century: Towards a New Vision for the 21st Century 2

The talk will give an overview over the debates on the governing of global value-chains in the social sciences and current aspects of value-chain management. When the first bicycle boom in the USA came to an end in the s, oversupplied bicycles were exported to Europe. This inflow to Europe triggered the decline of bicycle price there and the deterioration of profitability on bicycle production.


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German bicycle producers could get out of this difficulty with the introduction of American machine tools. The upshot: the car becomes a connected rolling space that transports people safely to places where they live, work and play. It also is a harbinger of change that promises to transform travel time into productive time - especially during longer distance commutes. As Gartner notes, the car is becoming increasingly connected, intelligent and personal.

From the 20th to the 21st Century, 2nd Edition

That means a major change in the way we relate to automobiles. Uber recently unveiled a self-driving pilot in Pittsburgh while Lyft is working on a plan to roll out self-driving cars in three phases starting this year, and even Ford has rebranded itself as a mobility company. Meanwhile, a self-driving truck hauled than 50, cans of Budweiser miles from Fort Collins to a delivery spot in Colorado Springs. As legacy car manufacturers retool into technology companies, every part of the mobility ecosystem has a future in question.

What apps and services will be built into autonomous driving cars? Will mechanics become software engineers?

Syrian Civil War

Will car ownership become a thing of the past? Can traffic disappear? Only time—and software—will tell. Change is the only constant, so individuals, institutions, and businesses must be Built to Adapt. At Pivotal , we believe change should be expected, embraced and incorporated continuously through development and innovation, because good software is never finished. Sign in.

All 21st Century U.S. History

Get started. How Automotive Defined the 20th Century. And how the 21st century is defining automotive.

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